New Material

Evaluation Option -
Street circus photo by daniele.vigna
Cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) is an alternative to cost-benefit analysis (CBA). The technique compares the relative costs to the outcomes (effects) of two or more courses of action. 
Evaluation Option -
California's largest wind farm, Altamont pass photo by kqedquest
Cost-benefit analysis (CBA) is a technique used to compare the total costs of a programme/project with its benefits, using a common metric (most commonly monetary units). This enables the calculation of the net cost or benefit associated with the programme. 
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Goal Attainment Scaling (GAS) is an option that can be used as a means of measuring outcome data from different contexts set out on a 5 point scale of -2 to +2. It enables the data to be placed on a quantitative measurement scale thus tackling the problem of how to adequately identify and measure qualitative goal impact and attainment. This is very useful as it enables a linking of measures from the frontline to upper levels of an organization’s management.
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Logs, Journals and Diaries are monitoring tools for recording data over a long period of time. Because they rely on timely and accurate documentation of an on-going process, they must be completed close to the event and are not suitable as evaluation tools post-implementation, although a journal format can be used to reconstruct events after the fact.
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field work drill debriefing by Swanson Scott
Transect walks are an option for gathering spatial data on an area by observing people, surroundings and resources while walking around an area or community. Through the observation of specific indicators and the participation of a variety of stakeholders significants amounts of  both qualitative and quantitative data can be collected on transect walks.
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Biophysical Measurement, measures physical changes that take place over a period of time related to a specific indicator and using an accepted measurement procedure. This provides statistically reliable data that can form the basis for measuring impact and change. (Sette, 2008)

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