This resource is a detailed overview of study conducted by Lewis and Pattanayak (2012) on the systematic review of the literature surrounding the adoption of Improved Cook Stoves (ICS) or cleaner fuels by households in developing countries.
This excerpt was take from para.5 of the Results Section of Lewis JJ, Pattanayak SK, (2012) Who Adopts Improved Fuels and Cookstoves? A Systematic Review.
"The vote-counting exercise showed that education variables have a statistically significant positive association with ICS adoption in most studies that considered this variable [head of household education, 67%; male education, 100%; for detailed vote-counting results, see Supplemental Material,Table 3. Two analyses considered female education; of these, one found a significantly positive association with ICS adoption. Other variables with significant positive associations with ICS adoption were income (in 67% of the analyses that considered income), fuelwood price (67%), household size (67%), and credit access (100%). The studies found a negative association between ICS adoption and age of the head of household (50%) and socially marginal status (67%), such as the scheduled caste in India [for a full list of marginal status, see Supplemental Material, Table 1). Only one study, which included two analyses, considered LPG price and found the expected result that higher LPG prices were negatively associated with the adoption of ICSs (in this case, an LPG stove). Vote counting was inconclusive for female head of household, fuelwood availability, coal price, and electricity price on rates of ICS adoption; that is, neither positive, negative, nor statistically nonsignificant findings accounted for at least 50% of votes. We also observed that most analyses found nonsignificant associations between ICS adoption and occupation (self-employment or agricultural labor), number of children, and the price of kerosene."
- Materials and methods
Lewis JJ, Pattanayak SK, (2012) Who Adopts Improved Fuels and Cookstoves? A Systematic Review. Environ Health Perspect 120(5):doi:10.1289/ehp.1104194. Retrievd from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3346782/pdf/ehp.1104194.pdf