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  1. Social Mapping

    Wellbeing ranking
    Evaluation Option

    This option is used to help identify households using pre-determined indicators that are based on socio-economic factors. It works to determine a relative ranking of socio-economic status of the household rather than an absolute ranking. It can help determine which households are benefiting from an assessment and whether or not they belong to the target group.

  2. External Consultant

    External Evaluator
    Evaluation Option

    An external consultant is someone external to the organization who can be contracted to conduct the evaluation - sometimes they develop the evaluation design and sometimes they implement the design outlined in the Terms of Reference.

  3. Internal Staff

    Evaluation Option

    Conducting an evaluation using staff from the implementing agency rather than hiring external consultants.

  4. Peer review for meta-evaluation

    Evaluation Option

    Reviewing the evaluation by using peers from within the organisation or outside of the organisation

  5. Community

    Evaluation Option

    The community, particularly intended beneficiaries of an intervention, can undertake an evaluation or contribute to a combined team.

  6. Learning Alliances

    Evaluation Option

    The Learning Alliances approach was used by the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT), an international research institute based in Cali, Colombia, as a way for generating knowledge and fostering innovation processes. The authors indicated that it can be used to "strengthen capacities, generate and document development outcomes, identify future research needs or areas for collaboration, and inform public and private sector policy decisions" (Lundy, Gottret and Ashby, 2005).

  7. Stated Goals and Objectives

    Legislative Review
    Evaluation Option
    Archery in Bhutan photo by brentolson on Flickr

    Evaluations can use the program's stated objectives and goals to assess program success or failure. Program objectives and goals are generally determined at the beginning of the design process. Occassionally this has not been done, or the program goals have changed along the way. If this is the case, it can be useful to generate a project logic model - either collaboratively or through key inputs and then tested with team members.

  8. Public Consultations

    Evaluation Option
    People on village meeting by public domain images

    Public consultations are usually conducted through public meetings to provide an opportunity for the community to raise issues of concern and respond to options.




  9. Simple Random Sampling

    Evaluation Option
    Geneva Crowd photo by Andy Carvin

    A simple random sample (SRS) is the most basic probabilistic option used for creating a sample from a population. Each SRS is made of individuals drawn from a larger population (represented by the variable N), completely at random. As a result, said individuals have an equal chance of being selected throughout the sampling process. The benefit of SRS is that as a result, the investigator is guaranteed to choose a sample which is representative of the population, which ensures statistically valid conclusions.

  10. Sequential Sampling

    Evaluation Option
    Inside Purple Flower by Frank Starmer

    Sequential sampling is a non-probabilistic sampling technique, initially developed as a tool for product quality control.  The sample size, n, is not fixed in advanced, nor is the timeframe of data collection.  The process begins, first, with the sampling of a single observation or a group of observations.  These are then tested to see whether or not the null hypothesis can be rejected.  If the null is not rejected, then another observation or group of observations is sampled and the test is run again.  In this way the test continues until the researcher is confident in his or her results.