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  1. Democratic Evaluation

    Approach

    Democratic Evaluation is an approach where the aim of the evaluation is to serve the whole community. This allows people to be informed of what others are doing and sees the evaluator as someone who brokers the process. It generally focuses on inclusive practices which foster participation and collaboration.  However it is also used as a means of ensuring public accountability and transparency.

  2. Case Study

    Synonyms: 
    casestudy, case studies,
    Approach

    A case study focuses on a particular unit - a person, a site, a project. It often uses a combination of quantitative and qualitative data.

    Also Available In: Español
  3. Causal Link Monitoring

    Synonyms: 
    CLM
    Approach

    Causal Link Monitoring (CLM) integrates design and monitoring to support adaptive management of projects. CLM helps project planners and managers identify the processes that are required to achieve desired results, and then to observe whether those processes take place, and how.

  4. Innovation History

    Approach

    Preparing an ‘innovation history’ is an option for recording and reflecting on an innovation process. People who have been involved in the innovation jointly construct a detailed written account (sometimes referred to as a ‘learning history’) based on their recollections and on available documents. The process of preparing this history stimulates discussion, reflection and learning among stakeholders. Subsequent planning drawing on the innovation history, can (i) build on the lessons learned, (ii) inform a shared vision, (iii) act as a catalyst for change and (iv) improve future performance. An innovation history is developed in stages. Based on the initial detailed account of the innovation process, more concise informational products can be prepared that summarize the innovation process for internal use. Products designed for wider dissemination of findings can help external parties build upon and expand their knowledge and understanding about how innovations are brought about. Such products may include public awareness materials, policy briefs and articles in professional journals. They may be based on the study of an individual case or on reviews that compare and contrast experiences across several cases.

    Also Available In: Español
  5. Success Case Method

    Synonyms: 
    SCM
    Approach

    The Success Case Method (SCM) involves identifying the most and least successful cases in a program and examining them in detail. This approach was developed by Robert Brinkerhoff to assess the impact of organisational interventions, such as training and coaching, though the use of SCM is not limited to this context. It is a useful approach to document stories of impact and to develop an understanding of the factors that enhance or impede impact.

    Also Available In: Español
  6. Beneficiary Assessment

    Approach

    An approach that assesses the value of an intervention as perceived by the (intended) beneficiaries, thereby aiming to give voice to their priorities and concerns

  7. Critical System Heuristics

    Synonyms: 
    CSH
    Approach

    Critical System Heuristics (CSH) provides a framework of questions about a program including what is (and what ought to be) its purpose and its source of legitimacy and who are (and who ought to be) its intended beneficiaries.

    Also Available In: Español
  8. Institutional Histories

    Synonyms: 
    IH
    Approach

    An institutional history (IH) is a narrative that records key points about how institutional arrangements – new ways of working – have evolved over time and have created and contributed to more effective ways to achieve project or programme goals. An IH is generated and recorded in a collaborative way by scientists, farmers and other stakeholders. A key intention behind institutional histories is to introduce institutional factors into the legitimate narrative of success and failure in research organizations.

  9. Qualitative Impact Assessment Protocol (QuIP)

    Synonyms: 
    QUIP

    The Qualitative Impact Assessment Protocol (QuIP) is an impact evaluation approach that draws on Contribution Analysis. QuIP studies serve to provide an independent reality check of a predetermined theory of change which helps stakeholders to assess, learn from, and demonstrate the social impact of their work. QuIP’s approach places project beneficiaries’ voices at the centre of the evaluation, enabling them to share and feedback their experiences in an open, credible, and respectful way.

    Also Available In: Español
  10. Rapid Evaluation

    Synonyms: 
    real-time evaluation, rapid feedback evaluation, rapid-cycle evaluation, rapid appraisal
    Approach

    Rapid Evaluation is an approach designed to quickly and systematically conduct an evaluation when time or resources are limited.

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