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  1. Process Tracing: Introduction and Exercises

    Resource
    Guide
    2010

    This document provides an overview of the method of process tracing and a series of examples and exercises to aid in its teaching .

  2. Comparative Hypothesis Testing Via Process Tracing

    Resource
    Discussion paper
    2014

    This article by by Ingo Rohlfing argues that the understanding of the doubly decisive test is misleading and that it lumps together the criteria of uniqueness and contradiction.

     

     

  3. Going Where the Money Is: Strategies for Taxing Economic Elites in Unequal Democracies

    Resource
    Discussion paper
    2013

    This paper by Tasha Fairfield asks how policymakers can get around obstacles that prevent taxing economic elites. It identifies six strategies to aid this through the use of gaining popular support and neutralising the anatagonism of the elite. The effects of these strategies on tax reform are illustrated by case studies from Chile, Argentina and Bolivia.

  4. Rethinking Social Inquiry: Diverse Tools, Shared Standards (Second Edition)

    Resource
    Overview
    2010

    This second edition of Rethinking Social Inquiry has the aim of redirecting ongoing discussions of methodology in social and political science. The authors share a commitment to using diverse tools in the pursuit of research, and to shared standards for evaluating their use. The authors examine the relationship between quantitative and qualitative methods and focus on the study of causes and consequences, particularly on causal inference.

  5. Straws-in-the-wind, Hoops and Smoking Guns: What can Process Tracing Offer to Impact Evaluation?

    Resource
    Overview
    2015

    This discussion paper, written by Melanie Punton and Katharina Welle, looks at the potential use of Process Tracing in an impact evaluation context. It examines the methodological and theoretical foundations of process tracing and examines two examples of its application in international development interventions.

  6. Assessing the Policy Impact of ‘Indicators’: A Process-Tracing Study of the Hunger And Nutrition Commitment Index

    Resource
    Example
    2016

    This report applies a process-tracing approach to understand the policy impact of indicators and contributes to debates about assessing the impact of development research. It focuses on the case of the Hunger And Nutrition Commitment Index (HANCI), which publishes annual indices of countries’ political commitment to reduce hunger and undernutrition, as well as complementary knowledge products.

  7. Clearing the fog: new tools for improving the credibility of impact claims

    Resource
    Discussion paper
    2016

    This IIED Briefing Paper shows that the methods of process tracing and Bayesian updating can facilitate a dialogue between theory and evidence that allows for the assessing of the degree of confidence in ‘contribution claims’ in a transparent and replicable way.