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  1. ActKnowledge and Aspen Institute’s Guided Example: Theory of Change


    Drawing on the experience  ActKnowledge and Aspen Institute had in evaluating the "Super Woman" Program, this guided example shows how to develop an outcomes chain using the Theories of Change (TOC) process.

  2. Theory of change- guidance on developing, representing, and using


    This page sets out some suggestions about what might be considered good practice, adequate practice and inadequate practice in developing, representing and using programme theory (also known as theory of change or logic models).  Please add your feedback and suggestions in our forum or share your comments on twitter @bettereval or FaceBook

  3. Theory of Change Thinking in Practice- A Stepwise Approach


    This guide builds on work of HIVOS' experimentation with and learning about Theory of Change (ToC), including the work of its Theory of Change Learning Group (established 2010). The guide is divided into three parts: Part A introduces theory of change and Hivos’ perspective on ToC thinking: what it is, what
    users should know before they start, and key features of ToC thinking that users need to understand in order to be able to use the approach effectively. Part B is a stepwise approach to guide users through the process of developing a ToC for different purposes, including information on how to use specific tools recommended for each step. Part C contains references to tools suggested in Part B, as well as resources and sites where
    you can find more information about ToC use. 

  4. 52 weeks of BetterEvaluation: Week 20: Defining what needs to be evaluated

    13th May, 2013

    Whether you are commissioning an evaluation, designing one or implementing one, having - and sharing - a very clear understanding of what is being evaluated is paramount. For complicated or complex interventions this isn't always as straight forward as it sounds, which is why BetterEvaluation offers specific guidance on options for doing this.

  5. 7 Strategies to improve evaluation use and influence- Part 2

    2nd February, 2018

    This is the second of a two-part blog on strategies to support the use of evaluation, building on a session the BetterEvaluation team facilitated at the American Evaluation Association conference last year. While the session focused particularly on strategies to use after an evaluation report has been produced, it is important to address use before and during an evaluation.

  6. Contribution Analysis


    Contribution Analysis is an approach for assessing causal questions and inferring causality in real-life program evaluations. It offers a step-by-step approach designed to help managers, researchers, and policymakers arrive at conclusions about the contribution their program has made (or is currently making) to particular outcomes. The essential value of contribution analysis is that it offers an approach designed to reduce uncertainty about the contribution the intervention is making to the observed results through an increased understanding of why the observed results have occurred (or not!) and the roles played by the intervention and other internal and external factors.

    Also Available In: Portugues, Español
  7. Theory Maker


    This free and open-sourced web-based tool was made by Steve Powell as a quick and simple way of creating a theory of change. 

  8. Generic change theories

    Causal mechanisms, change mechanisms
    Evaluation Option

    There are some change theories that can be applied across different sectors - for example, motivation, deterrence, capacity development.  

    This page provides links to some resources that outline these change theories.

  9. BetterEvaluation FAQ: How do you use program theory for evaluating systems?

    21st June, 2017

    In our recent blog post about using theories of change and logic models better in evaluation, we asked BetterEvaluation members to submit a question or challenge that they have in relation to creating or using theory of change for review by the BetterEvaluation team.

  10. Most Significant Change (MSC) Workshop, Amsterdam 1-2 October 2015

    1st October, 2015 to 2nd October, 2015

    The training is a combination of theory and practice. It will focus on helping participants to understand what MSC is, how to implement the technique, how to analyse the stories of change and ways to integrate MSC in an existing M&E system