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  1. Project Records

    Evaluation Option

    Documents developed by the project including periodic project reports (monthly, biannual, annual), baseline data, needs assessments, internal and external evaluations, technical advisor input reports, and field reports.

  2. Official Statistics

    Evaluation Option

    Statistics published by government agencies or other public bodies such as international organizations are often useful in evaluations. These include quantitative or qualitative information on all major areas of citizens’ lives such as economic and social development, living conditions, health, education, the environment.

  3. Numeric Weighting

    Evaluation Option

    Numeric Weighting involves developing numeric scales in order to rate performance against each evaluation criterion and then adding them up for a total score.

  4. Vote Counting

    Evaluation Option
    Old School Voting, Photo by Just Us 3

    Vote counting is a simple but limited method for synthesizing evidence from multiple evaluations, which involves simply  comparing the number of positive studies (studies showing benefit) with the number of negative studies (studies showing harm). It does not take into account the quality of the studies, the size of the samples, or the size of the effect.

  5. Realist Synthesis

    Evaluation Option

    A Realist Synthesis is the synthesis of a wide range of evidence that seeks to identify underlying causal mechanisms and explore how they work under what conditions, answering the question "What works for whom under what circumstances?" rather than "What works?"

  6. Frequency Tables

    Evaluation Option

    One of the first steps in analysing data is to construct a frequency distribution table. A frequency table provides collected data values arranged in ascending order of magnitude, along with their corresponding frequencies.

  7. Crosstabulations

    Cross tabulations
    Evaluation Option

    Crosstabulation (or crosstab) is a basic part of survey research in which researchers can get an indication of the frequency of two variables (e.g. gender or income, and frequency of school attendance) occurring at the same time. 

  8. Multivariate Descriptive

    Evaluation Option

    Descriptive statistics provide simple summaries of (large amounts of) information (or data). These summaries are quantitative (e.g. means, correlations) or displayed visually (in graphs, scatterplots, etc.).

  9. Parametric Inferential

    Evaluation Option

    Inferential statistics suggest statements about a population based on a sample from that population. Parametric inferential tests are carried out on data that follow certain parameters: the data will be normal (i.e. the distribution parallels the bell curve); numbers can be added, subtracted, multiplied and divided; variances are equal when comparing two or more groups; and the sample should be large and randomly selected. 

  10. Non-Parametric Inferential

    Evaluation Option

    Inferential statistics suggest statements or make predictions about a population based on a sample from that population. Non-parametric tests relate to data that are flexible and do not follow a normal distribution.