Análise de Contribuição (Contribution Analysis) é uma abordagem para avaliar questões causais e inferir causalidade em avaliações de programas reais. Este recurso oferece uma abordagem passo-a-passo projetado para ajudar gerentes, pesquisadores e formuladores de políticas a chegar a conclusões sobre a contribuição que seu programa fez (ou está fazendo) para resultados específicos. O valor essencial da análise de contribuição é que ele oferece uma abordagem destinada a reduzir a incerteza sobre a contribuição que a intervenção faz, a partir dos resultados observados, através de uma maior compreensão do porquê os resultados observados ocorreram (ou não!) e os papéis desempenhados pela intervenção e outros fatores internos e externos.
An institutional history (IH) is a narrative that records key points about how institutional arrangements – new ways of working – have evolved over time and have created and contributed to more effective ways to achieve project or programme goals. An IH is generated and recorded in a collaborative way by scientists, farmers and other stakeholders. A key intention behind institutional histories is to introduce institutional factors into the legitimate narrative of success and failure in research organizations.
Horizontal evaluation is an approach that combines self-assessment by local participants and external review by peers. Originally developed to evaluate new methodologies for agricultural research and development, horizontal evaluation has wider potential for application. In its original setting, the focus of horizontal evaluation is the actual R&D methodology itself rather than the project per se or the team or organisation that developed it.
The Increasing Participation in Evaluation bulletin was developed by Anita Baker with Beth Bruner to help organizations integrate evaluative thinking into their organizational practice. This three page bulletin discusses how Organization Staff, Evaluators, and Funders are typically involved in participatory evaluation.
This module, produced by Catholic Relief Services (CRS), and the American Red Cross, provides readers with information that helps private voluntary organization staff facilitate learning among individuals, groups, and organizations by communicating and reporting evaluation processes and findings more effectively.
This presentation and paper from the Bruner Foundation guides the reader through the evaluation process and provides a step by step process for commissioning an evaluation; clarifying the differences between research and evaluation; what evaluations should cost; and further things that need to be considered before implementation.
This example of a press release discusses the release of a voluntary statewide survey about patients’ experiences with inpatient care at Massachusetts hospitals.