This special issue of New Directions in Evaluation includes discussions of different types of sustainability – sustainable environment, sustainable development, sustainable programs, and sustainable evaluation systems – and a synthesis of these different issues and their implications for transforming evaluation in ways more appropriate for evaluating sustainability.
This chapter from Transformational Evaluation for the Global Crises of Our Times argues for the need to transform evaluation in the light of current environmental crises and sets out the major ways this needs to happen.
Given the numerous interconnected environmental crises the world faces, there is an urgent need to include consideration of environmental impacts into all evaluations. Footprint evaluation focuses on evaluating the ‘footprint’ that human systems make on natural systems. Importantly, it includes evaluating the potential and actual environmental impacts of interventions that do not have explicit environmental objectives.
International Program for Development Evaluation Training 2016: Building Skills to Evaluate Development Interventions
This paper from the Australian Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) aims to document the evolution in thinking about how to measure sustainability and also distills crucial lessons for moving forward. The paper specifically looks at major initiatives in theory and practice over the last 20 years; outlines a generic framework for implementing and assessing sustainability; and looks at how different sectors have approached the issue of sustainability.
This report from the World Economic Forum's Global Agenda Council on Measuring Sustainability provides detailed guidance for decision makers on measuring for effective sustainability. The report provides a summary of the full report and aims to provide a framework and guide for those engaging with sustainability literature and the development and application of sustainability assessment tools.
This guide from the Stockholm Resilience Centre outlines seven key principles that can be used to develop resilience in social-ecological systems. Each principle comes with guidance on how to implement it and also provides a case study to demonstrate how it has been done.