C4D Hub: Develop recommendations

What is it?

Research studies, findings from monitoring and evaluations often make proposals for certain courses of actions. This includes options, improvements or advise on whether a program should be continued or expanded. Often, but not always, this is included as a task in the Terms of Reference or other management documents (see Document Management Processes and Agreements). Developing Recommendations should be a considered process of using findings to decide on future actions. The researcher/evaluator and their team may use synthesis processes (Synthesise data from a single evaluation and Generalising findings) to inform the development of recommendations. Processes which involve stakeholders in developing or reviewing recommendations will contribute to better use of the RM&E findings.

General Information  

The main BetterEvaluation site lists a range of options for engaging with stakeholders to develop or review recommendations. This page is recommended as background reading before considering options to apply to C4D.  

Developing Recommendations and C4D

Applying the C4D principles to the task of developing recommendations


Partners, community groups and local institutions should be meaningfully engaged in the development of recommendations. This ensures that their knowledge informs future programming and helps to enable community-driven development. 


There is a need to ensure that the recommendations  includes a range of voices and perspectives, taking into account the power inequities between stakeholders. 


Ensure that principles of social accountability are employed to ensure that recommendations from stakeholders are heard and meaningfully considered by decision makers. 

Recommended options and adaptations for developing recommendations in C4D

Participatory processes

The site lists a range of options that would be consistent with the C4D Evaluation Framework, including: beneficiary exchange, where discussions are held between beneficiaries in order to provide feedback; Group critical reflection where stakeholders give feedback in a group setting (this can also be done as Individual critical reflection); or participatory recommendation screening, where draft recommendations are tested with key stakeholders.


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