Confirming and disconfirming cases assist the evaluator in the confirmatory fieldwork stage of an evaluation. After gathering initial data, exploring the data and identifying patterns, the evaluator will start to develop findings. Confirming and disconfirming cases allow the evaluator to further refine and test initial findings. Both types of cases are important, confirming cases to provide deeper insights to preliminary findings and disconfirming cases to test and highlight the boundaries of the findings.
- Confirming and disconfirming cases: This overview from the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation provides a definition and outline of the reasons for using the confirming and disconfirming option.
- Desperately Seeking Dissonance: This article from the Qualitative Health Research Journal outlines the research undertaken to discover how disconfirming cases are handled in reviews of qualitative research. It also outlines a number of methods that may be used to actively find disconfirming cases in review processes.
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