complexity

Strategy testing: An innovative approach to monitoring highly flexible aid programs

Strategy Testing (ST) is a monitoring system developed by the The Asia Foundation to track programs that are using a highly iterative, adaptive approach to address complex development problems. This paper details when and how strategy testing is done and offers case examples and insights into using ST for reflection, reassessment and program adjustments as needed to increase the likelihood of achieving results when addressing complex, fluid and often intensely political problems.

Complexity evaluation framework: Recognising complexity & key considerations for complexity-appropriate evaluation in the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA)

Defra (the UK Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs) commissioned CECAN (the Centre for Evaluation Complexity Across the Nexus) to deliver a Complexity Evaluation Framework (CEF). The primary purpose of this framework is to equip Defra commissioners of evaluation (which may include analysts and policy makers), with a checklist of core considerations to ensure that evaluations are robust and sufficiently consider the implications of complexity theory. The framework is intended to increase the use and usability of evaluation for both commissioned and internally-led evaluation across the department. The final output is intended to be an actionable complexity evaluation framework, accompanied by a supporting evidence report to be used as a resource in commissioning evaluation.

The visual representation of complexity: Definitions, examples and learning points

This visual overview was developed through a research process that identified, defined and illustrated 16 key features of complex systems. The research addresses the need for images that are widely understood across different fields and sectors for researchers, policy makers, and design practitioners and contributes to an evolving visual language of complexity.