Conducting Mixed-Method Evaluations

This technical note from the US Agency for International Development (USAID) provides an overview to using a mixed-options approach for evaluation and outlines some of the important considerations that must be taken into account when using the MM approach. 

Frequently, evaluation statements of work specify that a mix of options be used to answer evaluation questions. This guide includes the rationale for using a mixed-option evaluation design as well as guidance for selecting among options (with an example from an evaluation of a training program) and examples of techniques for analyzing data collected with several different options (including parallel analysis).


  • Introduction
  • Mixed-option evaluations defined
  • Rationale for using a mixed-option evaluation design
  • Key steps in developing a mixed-option evaluation design and analysis strategy
  • Determining which options to use
  • Selection of data collection options - an example
  • Analyzing data from a mixed-option evaluation - designing a data analysis strategy
  • Example of application
  • Reporting on mixed-options evaluations
  • Table - Options for analyzing mixed-options data


Vondal, P (2010)  Conducting Mixed-Option Evaluations Performance Monitoring & Evaluation TIPS Washington DC, USAID Center for Development Information and Development Evaluation. Retrieved from (archived link)



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Evaluation Specialist, Better Evaluation.
Gold Coast, Australia.


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