An accountability framework for technological innovation

This brief provides a range of recommendations to support organisations that are conducting research and design (R & D) to be more accountable.


  • Introduction
  • Practical implementation of accountability in key processes
  • Process 1: Strategy formulation
  • Process 2: Project identification and design
  • Process 3: Conducting research
  • Process 4: Communicating research and drawing conclusions.


Whitty, B. 2010. An accountability framework for technological innovation. Institutional Learning and Change Initiative (ILAC), CGIAR.