National evaluation policy in Canada

This case study, prepared by Katerina Stolyarenko for the Parliamentary Forum for Development Evaluation outlines the process that was used to develop and implement a government-wide monitoring and evaluation system in Canada.


"This case study describes the government M&E system of Canada, which was introduced in 1977. NEP structure in Canada is characterized by three key elements: (1) departmental delivery with central leadership; (2) an emphasis for both monitoring and evaluation and (3) well-defined rules and expectations for performance measurement and evaluation. The leading agency guiding the NEP implementation is the Treasure Board Secretariat. Canadian NEP has a strong oversight mechanism that covers three levels (individual evaluation study, departmental level, whole-of-government level) and provides quality control. Evaluation is used by all levels of government. Human resources development is an ongoing issue addressed by the Canadian system. Canadian NEP is famous for its high level of transparency."


  • Introduction  3
    • Political, Economic and Development Context  3
    • M&E Context  4
  • Institutional setting of NEP in Canada  5
    • NEP’s Focus and Purposes  5
    • Legal and Policy Framework  5
    • Institutional Arrangements  6
    • M&E Tools, Components, Evaluation Methodologies and Quality of Data  7
    • Professional Capacity for M&E  9
    • Utilization of M&E   10
  • Achievements and Challenges   11
  • Good Practice(s)   12
  • Conclusion   13
  • Documents consulted   14 


Stolyarenko, K., (2014) National evaluation policy in Canada, Parliamentary Forum for Development Evaluation. Retrieved from:

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