Confirming and disconfirming sampling

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Confirming and disconfirming cases assist the evaluator in the confirmatory fieldwork stage of an evaluation.

After gathering initial data, exploring the data and identifying patterns, the evaluator will start to develop findings. Confirming and disconfirming cases allow the evaluator to further refine and test initial findings. Both types of cases are important, confirming cases to provide deeper insights to preliminary findings and disconfirming cases to test and highlight the boundaries of the findings.


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    'Confirming and disconfirming sampling' is referenced in:

    • Framework/Guide

      • Rainbow Framework :