Triple column

Triple row

A triple column/row theory of change diagram shows the causal pathway in terms of intermediate outcomes, activities that directly produce these, and the influence of other factors and programs.

It can be particularly useful for showing activities that occur along the causal pathway, and for showing clearly the contributions of other partners and contextual factors.

Triple row flow diagram showing activities and other factors flowing from the top and bottom rows into outcomes in the middle row

'Triple column' is referenced in: