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  • Déterminer les personnes qui participeront à la prise de décisions ainsi que leurs rôles

    Il est important de déterminer clairement les personnes qui participeront à la prise de décisions dans le cadre d’une évaluation et de définir leurs rôles.
    Framework/Guide
    Manager's guide to evaluation
  • C4D: Critical

    Power; difference; equity; multiple perspectives Including different perspectives highlights the critical importance of paying attention to power.
    Framework/Guide
    Communication for Development (C4D)
  • Frame the boundaries for an evaluation

    Set the parameters of the evaluation—its purposes, key evaluation questions and the criteria and standards to be used.
    Framework/Guide
    Rainbow Framework
  • C4D Hub: Create a questions-led M&E framework

    A questions-led M&E Framework starts with thinking about the information needs (questions) of the primary intended users, and builds a plan for answering those questions.
    Framework/Guide
    Communication for Development (C4D)
  • Manager's guide to evaluation

    The manager's guide supports decision-making throughout an evaluation. It covers planning, design, execution, reporting, and supporting the use of the evaluation's findings.
    Framework/Guide
    Manager's guide to evaluation
  • Étapes du processus d’évaluation

    Ce document est un guide interactif pour les personnes qui gèrent une évaluation.
    Framework/Guide
    Manager's guide to evaluation
  • Guidance

    Guidance documents help to standardise and streamline processes within and across organisations.
    Framework/Guide
    National M&E Systems
  • Culture of evidence use and production

    The culture of evidence use and production within government entities is a critical determinant of how national M&E systems are adopted and utilised.
    Framework/Guide
    National M&E Systems
  • Synthesise data from one or more evaluations

    Combine data to form an overall assessment of the merit or worth of the intervention, or to summarize evidence across several evaluations.
    Framework/Guide
    Rainbow Framework
  • Supporting the use of M&E evidence

    Supporting the use of M&E in a national M&E system means actively facilitating and encouraging the application of monitoring and evaluation findings to inform policy decisions, improve programs, and guide str
    Framework/Guide
    National M&E Systems
  • Manage data

    Establish processes for managing data during an evaluation, including storing and organising data, and cleaning data.
    Framework/Guide
    Rainbow Framework
  • Develop planning documents for the evaluation or M&E system

    Develop a formal plan which sets out how an individual evaluation or a range of M&E activities will be undertaken.
    Framework/Guide
    Rainbow Framework
  • C4D: Synthesise

    These tasks involve bringing together data and evidence into an overall conclusion and judgement.
    Framework/Guide
    Communication for Development (C4D)
  • Prioritise self-determination, community agency and self-governance

    Empowerment Principle: Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples have the right to self-determination and to be encouraged and empowered in decision-making processes. Evaluators must listen and advise to the benefit of communities above all else.
    Framework/Guide
    Evaluation practice in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander settings
  • Define what is to be evaluated

    Develop a description (or access an existing version) of what is to be evaluated and how it is understood to work.
    Framework/Guide
    Rainbow Framework
  • C4D: Learning-based

    Action-learning; adaptive; capacity development; critical reflection In a learning-based approach RM&E is integrated into the whole programme cycle and involves all staff and stakeholders.
    Framework/Guide
    Communication for Development (C4D)
  • Support use

    Plan processes to support primary intended users to make decisions and take action on the basis of the findings.
    Framework/Guide
    Rainbow Framework
  • C4D: Investigate causal attribution and contribution

    For most evaluations it is not enough to just gather and report data about activities and changes in conditions (expected results) - there needs to be an investigation of the role of the intervention in producing these results. This is needed for any…
    Framework/Guide
    Communication for Development (C4D)
  • Establish decision making processes

    Specify how decisions will be made about the evaluation—who will provide advice, who will make recommendations, and who will make the actual decisions.
    Framework/Guide
    Rainbow Framework
  • Determine what ‘success’ looks like

    Clarify the values that will be used in the evaluation in terms of criteria (aspects of performance) and standards (levels of performance). These will be used together with evidence to make judgements about whether or not an intervention has been…
    Framework/Guide
    Rainbow Framework
  • C4D: Review R,M&E systems and studies (meta evaluation)

    A review process (also referred to as a meta-evaluation) is an important part of the implementation process. It enables critical reflection and reviews of the effectiveness of R,M&E systems, studies and evaluation capacity development strategies.…
    Framework/Guide
    Communication for Development (C4D)
  • Visualise data

    Decide how to visualise the data to bring clarity during analysis and/or to communicate findings.
    Framework/Guide
    Rainbow Framework
  • C4D: Support use

    Planning and pro-active actions are needed to support the utilisation of R,M&E findings. This support might be in the form of events (such as annual reviews) processes (such as written management responses, or recommendations tracking), or structures…
    Framework/Guide
    Communication for Development (C4D)
  • Extrapolate findings

    Explain how findings from this evaluation might be more generally applied or translated to new sites and situations. (This is often useful but not always needed).
    Framework/Guide
    Rainbow Framework
  • C4D: Determine what 'success' looks like

    Evaluation, which means to assess the value or worth of something, is essentially about values. Underpinning R,M&E systems are questions such as 'Is this good? Which is better? What is best?' Therefore, it is important to be systematic and transparent…
    Framework/Guide
    Communication for Development (C4D)
  • What is a national M&E system

    A national monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system can be understood as a number of connected systems for generating and using evidence to inform decisions in the public sector.
    Framework/Guide
    National M&E Systems
  • Decide who will conduct the evaluation

    Clarify who will actually undertake the evaluation. This might include people who are involved in what is being evaluated (such as implementers, clients and community members), an internal or external evaluator, or some combination of these.
    Framework/Guide
    Rainbow Framework
  • Diagnostic assessments

    Diagnostic assessments are the systematic assessment of a country or organisation's current monitoring and evaluation capabilities and practices or an individual's M&E competencies.
    Framework/Guide
    National M&E Systems
  • Understand causes of outcomes and impacts

    Collect and analyse data to answer causal questions about what has produced outcomes and impacts that have been observed.
    Framework/Guide
    Rainbow Framework
  • Develop initial description

    Develop an initial description of what is to be evaluated, to ensure agreement about the boundaries.
    Framework/Guide
    Rainbow Framework
  • C4D: Visualise data

    Data visualisation is the process of representing data graphically. It can make it easier to see trends and patterns. Data visualisation can be used during data analysis as part of making sense of data. It can also be used to communicate results as part…
    Framework/Guide
    Communication for Development (C4D)
  • C4D: Specify the key R,M&E questions

    R,M&E Questions are the small number of broad questions that R,M&E are intended to answer, not the many specific questions that might be on a questionnaire or an interview schedule.  Deciding which questions should be answered is one of the most…
    Framework/Guide
    Communication for Development (C4D)