How to build M&E systems to support better government

This volume highlights the experience of several countries which have succeeded in building a well-functioning government M&E system, including Chile, Colombia and Australia. The special case of Africa, where there are many severe capacity constraints, is also examined. Ways to strengthen a government M&E system and to strengthen government demand for M&E are presented, and the importance of conducting a country diagnosis and preparing an action plan are stressed.

The report is also available in Français, Español, and Bahasa.


  • Introduction
  • Part i: What do monitoring and evaluation have to offer governments
  • What is M&E - and M&E primer
  • Contribution of M&E to sound governance
  • Key trends influencing countries - why countries are building M&E systems
  • Part ii: Some country experience
  • Good practice countries - what does "success" look like?
  • Chile
  • Colombia
  • Australia
  • The special case of Africa
  • Part iii: Lessons
  • Building government M&E systems - lessons from experience
  • Incentives for M&E - how to create demand
  • Part iv: How to strengthen a government M&E system
  • The importance of country diagnosis
  • Preparing for action plans
  • Part v: Remaining Issues
  • Frontier issues
  • Concluding remarks
  • Part vi: Q&A: Commonly asked questions
  • Annexes
  • Endnotes
  • Bibliography


Mackay, K. (2007) How to build M&E Systems to Support Better Government. World Bank Independent Evaluation Group. Retrieved from