Making adaptation count: Concepts and options for monitoring and evaluation of climate change adaptation

This paper offers a monitoring and evaluation framework of climate change interventions.

It addresses the steps and processes that need to be considered in order to effectively conduct evaluations of Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) interventions

Its objectives are to provide adaptation and development practitioners with a practical framework for developing M&E systems that can track the success and failure of adaptation initiatives in the development context.


  • Results based management
  • Desk review
  • Theory of Change
  • Risk assessment
  • Vulnerability assessment
  • Baseline
  • Log frame
  • Results chain
  • Household surveys
  • Trend analysis workshop


Spearman, M & McGray H (2011). Making Adaptation Count: Concepts and Options for Monitoring and Evaluation of Climate Change Adaptation. World Resources Institute. Retrieved June 18, 2012, from