Mini-primer of Critical Systems Heuristics

This short summary of Critical Systems Heuristics (CSH) by Werner Ulrich gives an overview of what CSH is and how it can be applied.

CSH is a framework for reflective practice based on practical philosophy and systems thinking. The basic idea of CSH is to support boundary critique – a systematic effort of handling boundary judgments critically.


Ulrich, W. (2005). A mini-primer of critical systems heuristics. Rev. version of "Critical systems heuristics," in H.G. Daellenbach and R.L. Flood (eds.), The Informed Student Guide to Management Science, London: Thomson Learning, 2002, p. 72f. Expanded version in Werner Ulrich's Home Page,, first published 17 October 2005, last updated 30 April 2018.

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