Methods for monitoring and evaluation

This annex to the International Fund for Agricultural Development's (IFAD) A Guide for Project M&E (PDF), summarises 34 useful methods for specific M&E tasks.


"For ease of use, the methods have been grouped in seven categories:

  1. Sampling-related methods
  2. Core M&E methods
  3. Discussion methods (for groups)
  4. Methods for spatially-distributed information
  5. Methods for time-based patterns of change
  6. Methods for analysing linkages and relationships
  7. Methods for ranking and prioritising

Each method is briefly explained in terms of purpose, steps and application tips. As these methods are only brief descriptions from longer texts, please refer to the original texts for additional information (see Further Reading). Note that each method can be adapted and mixed with other methods to suit your needs." (Guijt, & Woodhill 2002)



Guijt, I., & Woodhill, J. International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), Office of Evaluation Studies. (2002). Managing for impact in rural development: A guide for project M&E, Annex D. Retrieved from website:

'Methods for monitoring and evaluation' is referenced in: